The protective factors listed below are factors that reduce or eliminate the risk of the onset of distressing extrasensory experiences. These factors include conditions or attributes (e.g. skills, strengths, resources, support systems, and coping strategies) the individual possesses or are accessible to the individual.
These protective factors can assist the individual in avoiding or dealing more effectively with stressful events that may lead to the onset of distressing extrasensory experiences.
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The following is only a summary of these factors. (1-12) & (1-22)
Temperamental. (1) Behavioral expression (i.e. a pattern of behavior involving engagement, participation, exploration of the unfamiliar, and balanced arousal of the sympathetic nervous system), (2) self-confidence (i.e. self-assuredness of one’s personal judgment, skills, knowledge, beliefs, education, experiences, social status, etc.), (3) positive affectivity (i.e. proneness to experiencing positive emotions), (4) anxiety resilience (i.e. a consistent pattern of individual characteristics associated with successful adaptation including good intellectual functioning, effective self-regulation of emotions and attachment behaviors, positive self-concept, optimism, altruism, a capacity to convert traumatic helplessness into learned helpfulness, and an active coping style in confronting a stressor (Charney, 2003), (5) experience seeking (i.e. characterized by being open to and exploring new sensory or mental experiences with great spirit and energy and approaching them with realistic courage, optimism, daring, boldness, and confidence), (6) reduced symptom severity (i.e. in psychological or psycho-physiological disorders), (7) no prior mental disorders (e.g. depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, etc.), […]
Environmental. (1) Happy and healthy childhood, (2) no history of physical assault, abuse, or neglect, (3) no history of sexual assault or abuse, (4) happily married parents, (5) a wealth of supportive family members and friends, (6) frequent socialization, (7) sense of safety and security, […]
In regard to specific protective factors, these include the avoidance or recovery from specific predisposing and precipitating factors (i.e. avoiding or recovering from a sudden and highly distressing reduction in an ability or complete inability to function in a normal capacity.
Citation: Kelly, T.M. (2015). Clinical Parapsychology: Extrasensory Exceptional Experiences (Textbook). University of Alternative Studies. Purchase.
Copyright © 2014 Theresa M. Kelly, MsD. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.