Parapsychology Articles, Papers and Books
Spirits and Apparitions - Consciousness and ParaEthics
These types of immaterial entities are depicted traditionally as the spirits of the deceased including human and animal spirits. Several forms of spirits can include the spirits of those whose physical body has died, yet their essence or consciousness has not crossed-over, or those who have died and have crossed-over.
In the case of spirits in which they have died and their consciousness has not crossed-over, reasons why the being did not crossover vary including confusion, duty, revenge, or fear. Whether they may have been “good” or “evil” human beings during their physical lifetime is irrelevant when involving para-ethics because they were still Human beings.
The simplified modern day definition of consciousness states that anything capable of thought, sensation, perception, mood, emotion, and an awareness of self is considered conscious.
These capabilities do apply to the average spirit based on paranormal experience, evidence, and research. Consciousness can only be obtained by a living entity; therefore while the physical body a spirit once inhabited may be deceased, the spirit could logically be placed in the category of a living being.
In our modern day, the majority of organisms, plants, animals, insects and so forth have rights in some respect because we as human beings have evolved our perceptions and philosophies to acknowledge the importance of other living entities and as a result, we now have a profound level of respect for those entities.
We have developed laws and ethics to include those entities to create a better world for them and ourselves. While paranormal based laws and ethics cannot be upheld with our current limited understanding and interaction with the spirits of the deceased, educating those who may or may not ever experience a paranormal event on the laws and ethics that should be upheld, when dealing with the living spirits of deceased physical beings, can prevent unnecessary suffering on the spirits behalf.
(Adapted from the book “Clairvoaynce: A Quantum Approach -Psychical Influence of Information & Anomalous Communication with Immaterial Entities” by Theresa M. Kelly, MsD.)