Parapsychology Articles, Papers and Books
Limited to Newtonian Liquid Flow
Hydrokinesis is defined as the psychokinetic ability to influence the flow of liquids via either mental influence or an experients own natural electric or electromagnetic fields, primarily in the hands.
Hydrokinesis is theoretically limited to the influence of Newtonian liquids as opposed to non-Newtonian liquids. This theory is substantiated by years of research yielding no reports in regards the influence of non-Newtonian liquids by experients of characteristic hydrokinetic phenomena.
Newtonian liquids are liquids whose shear stress is linearly proportional to the velocity gradient in the direction perpendicular to the plane of shear. These liquids, regardless of the forces action on a liquid, continue to flow, such as water, which continues to display liquid properties no matter how much it is stirred or mixed as opposed to non-Newtonian liquids with higher levels of viscosity.
In contrast, stirring a non-Newtonian liquid can leave a "hole" behind in which will gradually fill up over time. Alternatively, stirring a non-Newtonian liquid can cause viscosity to decrease, which results in the appearance of a "thinner" liquid.
Newtonian types of liquids include water (fresh, sea), oil, milk, vinegar, alcohol, mercury, etc. Non-Newtonian liquids types include blood, honey, latex, pudding, starch in water (oobleck), paint, mud, syrup, etc.
(Adapted from the paper "Manual of Hydrokinesis: Applications, Experimentation, and Measurement” by Theresa M. Kelly, MsD.)